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Today I am going to help you pick the correct version of Node JS to use. When you are just getting started and about to download Node JS, you will be present with 2 confusing versions to choose from. It’s not a big of a deal but for public service here’s my simple answer.
Which Node JS version to use? You should always use even-numbered versions marked LTS that says “Recommended for Most Users” on the download page. An even number Node version is 12.x.x LTS, 14.x.x LTS, 16.x.x LTS and so on that you should use when learning or deploying your project to a production environment.
According to the Node JS blog, “If you are using Node.js in production use an LTS version. LTS release lines focus on stability, extended support and provide a reliable platform for applications of any scale. Most Node.js users and companies are on Long Term Support lines. For those that are currently using Node.js 4.x or Node.js 6.x, we recommend upgrading to Node.js 10” (Nodejs, 2018).
As I mentioned above, picking a Node version is not that of a big deal and you can always upgrade or downgrade versions when needed. If you are following a tutorial, you can always check the version the instructor has used. You will be safe using a version that is higher than the version used by the instructor.
Now that you know which version to pick when working with Node JS, let me tell you a bit more about the Node version lifecycle.
Table of Contents
- 1 What is Node LTS?
- 2 What goes into major Node releases?
- 3 Key changes in major Node versions
- 4 Final Words
What is Node LTS?
LTS stands for Long Term Support and the recommended version for most users. Nodejs org makes new versions frequently with new features, bug fixes, and performance optimizations. As a general rule, we can safely assume that the latest version is always the best version to use. A major node version increments the first number like this: 6.x.x, 7.x.x, 8.x.x, 9.x.x, where the leftmost number is the most significant one and the rest of the numbers are minor changes to the software like 12.14.1.
Major versions are current for 6 months
You will notice that in the Node download page you will find two versions, one marked as LTS and the other marked as Current. Instinctively you would want to download and start using the current version of the software. However, this version is not intended for you (the general user) but for the library authors.
Nowadays Node is not only used by the backend developer but it’s also hugely used by the frontend tool developers. Various tools that make it easy to compile code such as Webpack, Gulp, Browserify, and others heavily rely on Node JS. Frontend frameworks like React, Angular, Vue, Svelte are also dependent on Nodejs. Testing frameworks like Jest, Mocha, and Enzyme also make use of the latest features of Node and NPM.
With a new major release of Node, it will allow these library owners 6 month time to download and make their tools compatible with new features and updates.
So in a nutshell, the current odd number Node JS versions such as 11.x.x, 13.x.x, 15.x.x and so on are targeted to the maintainers of various tools.
After 6 months, the odd number versions become unsupported, so there is no point in using these versions for development.
Node LTS versions are good for 30 months (2+ years)
After the first 6 months have passed and library vendors have enough time to test and implement new features into their tools, the even number versions (8.x.x, 10.x.x, and 12.x.x) will enter the LTS or Long Term Support phase. By the time you get access to an LTS version, you can rest assured that all of your favorite NPM tools are tested and supported by this version of Node.
This LTS version will be further supported by the Open JS foundation for the next 30 months (2 and a half years). So if you are building a production application, you will get support for it for the next two years and more. The LTS version guarantees that the software will be maintained and critical bugs will be fixed during this period of time. The Node JS website states that “Production applications should only use Active LTS or Maintenance LTS releases” (Node JS org, 2020). This all means that if today you start learning with Node JS 14, you are good to deploy a production app within 2023 with the same version.
What goes into major Node releases?
New Node versions are all about speed, stability, feature updates and bug fixes. With each new version, Node JS is getting faster and better as the technology improves. For example, Node version 10 is 2x faster than Node version 6 (Nodejs blog, 2018), so it’s a good enough reason to always use the latest version. Since Node is built on other technologies, such as the V8 engine and the ECMA script, it has to stay current with new features and improvements.
Key changes in major Node versions
It’s clear that you should use the latest and greatest LTS version of the Node JS runtime, however, you will often come across old Node versions in apps or used in old tutorials. For that, it’s good to have an idea of some of the key aspects of major Node versions.
Node 6 implemented ES6
Node 8 implemented Async Await
Async Await was implemented in Node 8 (Cyren, 2017). Async and Await are special keywords you can use in functions to make them wait for promises. It’s a simpler way to use the promises in your JS code.
Node 10 added promisified fs module
fs is a built-in module in Node for reading and writing to the file system. In the past, we had to use callbacks for working with the file system module but in Node 10, we get the option of promisified fs (Node blog, 2018).
Node 12 implemented ES6 modules
Node JS has two different audiences, the regular developers (us) and the open-source contributors (library authors). And for this reason, Node offers two different versions on their download page. For most cases, it’s safe to just go with the latest LTS version of the Node and if you are following a tutorial, just ask your instructor which version you should be using. Now that it’s the end of this article, here are a few things I want you to do:
- Download the latest LTS version of Node
- Start building something
- Comment on this post and let me know what you think
- Node.js. (2020). Node Releases. Retrieved January 30, 2020, from https://nodejs.org/en/about/releases/
- Node.green (2020). Node.js ES2015 Support. Retrieved January 30, 2020, from https://node.green/
- Cyren, T. (2017). 5 Fantastic Features Shipping with Node.js 8 LTS. Retrieved January 30, 2020, from https://nodesource.com/blog/five-fantastic-features-shipping-with-node-js-8-lts-carbon
- Node.js. (2018). October Brings Node.js 10.x to LTS and Node.js 11 to Current! Retrieved January 30, 2020, from https://medium.com/@nodejs/october-brings-node-js-10-x-to-lts-and-node-js-11-to-current-ae19f8f12b51
- Node.js. (2019). Announcing core Node.js support for ECMAScript modules. Retrieved January 30, 2020, from https://medium.com/@nodejs/announcing-core-node-js-support-for-ecmascript-modules-c5d6dc29b663